A sore throat is a very common complaint which often involves inflammation, or which is usually associated with inflammation. The signs of inflammation are pain, heat, swelling, redness and difficulty swallowing.
Sore throats can be caused by infectious and non-infectious triggers. Most cases are infectious, with a large proportion caused by viruses. However, they may also be caused by:
- Bacterial infection
- Shouting or voice strains
- Polluted environment
- Changes in air temperature
- Heaty food or spicy food
- Lack of rest
- Low Immunity
- Not drinking enough water
There are several types of sore throats, depending on the area affected.*
Inflammation becomes the main source of sore throat pain. Your throat hurts and becomes irritated, swollen, or with scratchy sensation. Pain increases when you swallow.
Sore Throat Management*
- Anti-inflammatory – Reduces inflammation and swelling to relieve pain.
- Anaesthetic – Provides a numbing action for pain relief
- Antiseptic – Acts against bacteria, fungi and some viruses to help relieve minor throat or mouth infections
- Anti-bacterial – Helps kill bacteria that can cause minor infections
- Antibiotics – Prescribed by doctors usually if the sore throat is severe and/or caused by bacteria e.g. Strep throat infections.
7 Home Remedies – Tips to help your sore throat feel better
- Get enough rest and avoid straining your throat
- Drink plenty of fluids to keep yourself hydrated
- Drink cold liquids or suck on popsicles to help relieve soreness
- Avoid alcohol and caffeine which can cause dehydration
- Avoid allergens and irritants such as smoke and chemicals
- Use a cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier to help moisten the air and soothe a dry throat
- Increase your vitamin Cs and consume a healthy diet
Most sore throats resolve without complication, however it is recommended to visit your doctor if:
- Your symptoms are severe
- You have persistent symptoms that have not started to improve after a week
- You experience severe sore throats frequently
*data on file